An individual who is resident in India and whose total income does not exceed Rs. 5,00,000 is entitled to claim rebate under section 87A. Rebate under section 87A is available in the form of a deduction from the tax liability. Rebate under section 87A will be lower of 100% of income-tax liability or Rs. 12,500. In other words, if the tax liability exceeds Rs. 12,500, rebate will be available to the extent of Rs. 12,500 only and no rebate will be available if the total income (i.e. taxable income) exceeds Rs. 5,00,000.
This rebate is only allowed to individuals. HUFs or firms or companies cannot claim this rebate.
This rebate is only allowed for resident individuals. Therefore, taxpayers qualifying as non-residents are not eligible for a rebate under 87A.