Have done some research here and sharing few points.
Trainees shall be considered for the purpose of PF, ESI, PT; until and unless they are Apprentices.
The minimum rate of stipend per month shall be calculated at a percentage of the minimum wage of semi-skilled workers of the respective state or union territory which will be, namely
- Seventy percent during the first year of training,
- Eighty percent during the second year, and
- Ninety per percent in the third and the fourth year.
Note: An employee engaged for the same work, cannot be paid less than another, who performs the same duties and responsibilities. Certainly not, in a welfare state
Will leave for others too to share their thoughts on this.