The Employees’ State Insurance Act,1948

The Employees’ State Insurance Act,1948

The Employees’ State Insurance Scheme is an integrated measure of Social Insurance embodied in the Employees’ State Insurance Act. It aims to protect employees, as defined in the Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948, against the impact of incidences of sickness, maternity, disablement, and death due to employment injury and to provide medical care to the insured persons and their families.


The ESI Scheme is being implemented area wise in stages. The Scheme has already been implemented in different areas in the applicable States and Union Territories of India.


  • All states in India except Manipur, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, and Mizoram.
  • Applicable to Delhi and Chandigarh UTs.
  • Applicable to non-seasonal factories employing 10 or more persons.
  • The scheme has been extended to shops, hotels, restaurants, cinemas (including preview theatres), road-motor transport undertakings, and newspaper establishments employing 20* or more persons.
  • The scheme has been extended to private medical and educational institutions employing 20* or more persons in certain States/UTs.
  • The existing wage limit for coverage under the Act is Rs. 15,000/- per month ( w.e.f. 01/05/2010).

*14 State Govts./UTs have reduced the threshold limit for coverage of shops and other establishments from 20 to 10 or more persons. Remaining State Governments/UTs are in the process of reducing the same.


Acts & Amendments

Introduction of New Payment Mode for ESI Main Codes and Sub Codes

Press Information Bureau announces the enhanced wage limit ceiling for ESI as Rs. 21,000, from Rs. 15,000

Amendment ESI Draft Rules - 6th October 2016 - ESI coverage wage limit will be increased from 15000 to 21000

Amendment - 6th October 2016 - Revised ESI Maternity Leave from 12 weeks to 26 weeks

Amendment - 6th September 2016 - Revised ESI coverage limit

Amendment - 25th July 2016 - Gazette notification New ESI Rule for areas using ESI for the first time 2016

Bare Act

Useful Links

Employer Handbook - ESI

Employee Handbook - ESI

ESI Rules (Central)

ESI Regulations (General)

Complete List of ESI Forms